Umrah and Hajj

Want to go on Umrah? Pay attention to the terms, conditions and prohibitions

Umrah means to visit or make a pilgrimage. Every person who performs the Hajj pilgrimage is obliged to perform Umrah, an act of worship that is part of the Hajj pilgrimage. The implementation of this Umrah is based on the words of Allah SWT in Surah Al-Baqarah: 196, which means ‘And perfect the Hajj and Umrah for the sake of Allah. 

Regarding the Umrah law, there are several differences of opinion. According to Imam Syafi’i, the law is mandatory. According to the Maliki School and the Hanafi School, the law is sunnah mu`akkad (the important sunnah).

Umrah is required for every Muslim only once, but performing many Umrahs is also frowned upon, especially if done in the month of Ramadan. This is based on the hadith of the Prophet SAW narrated by Imam Muslim, which means ‘Umrah in the month of Ramadan is the same as performing Hajj once’.

Read More : Tips for Maintaining Health During Umrah

Performing Umrah

The procedures for carrying out the Umrah pilgrimage are: bathing, performing ablution, wearing ihram clothes in mîqât, praying two rak’ahs of the sunnah ihram prayer, intending to perform Umrah and reading Labbaik Allâhumma ` Umrah (an) (I have come to fulfill Your call, O Allah, for Umrah), reading the Taliban as well as prayer, entering the Grand Mosque, Tawaf, sa`i, and tahalul.

Umrah stages

  • Depart for Miqat
  • Dressing and intending to do Ihram at Miqat (Miqat place, al: Bier Ali, Ji`ronah, Tan`im, etc.)
  • Pray two cycles of ihram circumcision prayer if possible
  • Chant the intention of Umrah: Labbaik Allahuma Umrotan
  • Continue the journey to Mecca by reading the Talbiah as much as possible and obeying the prohibitions during ihram
  • Perform seven rounds of Tawaf
  • Perform Sa`i between Bukit Safa – and Bukit Marwah 7 times
  • Tahallul (cutting hair)
  • The Umrah pilgrimage is complete

Terms, Pillars, and Obligations for Umrah

The conditions for performing Umrah are the same as those for performing the Hajj. The pillars of Umrah are:

  • Ihram
  • Tawaf
  • Sa`i
  • Shave your head hair or cut it
  • Orderly, carried out sequentially

Meanwhile, only one Umrah is obligatory, namely ihram from mîqât.

Read More : 3 Virtues of Performing Umrah

Prohibitions on Umrah

Things that should not be done by people who are already wearing Ihram clothing and intend to perform the Hajj/Umrah are: 

  • Having sexual relations or anything that could lead to
  • in sexual intercourse
  • Committing disgraceful and immoral acts
  • Quarrel with other people
  • Wearing tailored clothing (for men)
  • Wearing perfume
  • Wearing chuff (socks or shoes that cover the ankles)
  • Carrying out a marriage contract
  • Cutting nails
  • Shaving or plucking hair
  • Wear dyed clothes that have a pleasant smell
  • Killing game animals
  • Eating game meat

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